What is Catastrophe in literature?

“Catastrophe” is a literary term used to describe a sudden and dramatic turn of events that marks the climax or resolution of a story. It is a moment of extreme tension or crisis that often involves the death or destruction of one or more characters, and has significant consequences for the rest of the story.

The term “catastrophe” comes from the Greek word “katastrophÄ“,” which means “overturn” or “sudden change.”

example of a catastrophe in literature:

In William Shakespeare’s play “Romeo and Juliet,” the catastrophe occurs when Romeo, believing that Juliet is dead, takes his own life. When Juliet awakens and discovers that Romeo is dead, she too takes her own life, and their families are left to mourn the tragic loss of their children. The catastrophe marks the resolution of the story, as the feud between the two families is finally put to rest through the sacrifice of their children. The catastrophic event also serves to underline the theme of the destructive power of love, and the consequences of societal and familial conflict.

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