A motif is a recurring element, theme, idea, or image in a literary work that contributes to the development of the story or the characters. It can be a symbol, a sound, a word, an image, or any other element that is repeated throughout the work. Motifs help to unify a literary work, create a sense of coherence, and add depth and complexity to the text. They can also help to establish mood, emphasize important ideas, and provide insight into the characters’ thoughts and feelings. For example, in F. Scott Fitzgerald’s “The Great Gatsby,” the green light on Daisy’s dock is a recurring motif that symbolizes Gatsby’s hopes and dreams.

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